Well…… what can we say about this absolutely stunning carving situated at our Wakefield Crown Court site.
The Coat of Arms is that of Great Britain from the time that the House of Hanover ruled Hanover Great Britain, and Ireland at various times during the 17th through 20th centuries. The house originated in 1635 as a “cadette branch” of the House of Brunswick Luneburg, growing in prestige until Hanover became an electorate to the Holy Roman Empire in 1692. George the 1st became the first Hanoverian monarch of Great Britain & Ireland in 1714. At Victoria’s death in 1901, the throne of the United Kingdom passed to her eldest son Edward the 7th, a member of the house of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, Saxon provinces in Thuringia. The last reigning members of the House lost the Duchy of Brunswick in 1918 when Germany became a republic.
Since James the 1st of England and 6th of Scotland, the Stuarts had ruled Great Britain, Queen Anne, the last Stuart Monarch, died in 1714, when the crown of England passed by the 1701 Act of Settlement to the Stuart dynasty’s German Protestant cousins, the House of Hanover, or Brunswick-Luneberg in the person of King George I. George was actually 52nd in line to the throne at that time but was viewed as being preferable to a Catholic Monarch as James II’s Catholic son, James Francis Edward Stuart, thereafter referred to as the ‘Old Pretender’ was next in line for the throne.
The House of Hanover, a cadet branch of the German House of Welf or Guelph, itself a branch of the House of Este, whose oldest traceable members resided in Lombardy in the Dark Ages, and produced five of Britain’s monarchs.
On the death of William IV (1765-1837), the last Hanoverian king, Hanover and England ceased to share a ruler, Victoria (1837-1901), the daughter of Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III, succeeded her uncle in England but since the Salic Law (which prohibited the succession through the female line) prevailed in Hanover the dukedom was inherited by George III’s fifth son, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland.
Sure you will agree its a stunning piece of history and we are very lucky to be involved in the renovation of Wakefield Crown Court.
Thanks to Wikipedia for the basis of the above history
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