Heritage in the Community – Architectural Styles through the times

Architectural Styles through time.

Influences and movements that have shaped the changing face of British architecture over the years give our little island a lot of the personality it is known for around the world today.

The timeline below offers the most often recognisable periods of building style in the UK.

Gothic 1140 – 1750

Gothic architecture originally began in at the Basilica of Saint Denis located close to Paris. Whilst it began in 1140, the style of architecture came to an end during the 16th century with Henry VII Chapel in Westminster.

Basilica of Saint Denis, Paris. Construction started here in 1135. Image credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilica_of_Saint-Denis

Tudor 1485 – 1603

The Tudor architectural style is the final development of Medieval architecture in England, during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond.

Hampton Court Palace’s infamous chimneys. Image credit: https://www.amusingplanet.com/2016/10/the-decorative-chimneys-of-hampton.html
Little Moreton Hall, Cheshire, UK
Little Moreton Hall, Congleton. Construction begun between 1504-1508. Image credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Moreton_Hall

Early Georgian 1714 – 1750

This is thought to have been between the years 1714 and 1750 and witnessed the revival of Palladianism. This had created distaste for anything being overly decorated and kept all styles and rooms relatively simple in taste and style. Lord Burlington became the known leader for the Palladian movement.

Chiswick House, Chiswick, Middlesex. Image credit: http://www.bovingdons.co.uk/venues/villaforecourt-visit-parkingandaccessibility-chiswick-house-1/

Late Georgian 1750 – 1840

It was during this time that the fashion of homes became a great deal more fluid and flexible. In fact, some architects even experimented with the Gothic revival within larger, statelier homes. It is important to note that the British involvement with India had also brought about the idea of Mughal architecture which was imitated amongst the rich throughout the UK.

Royal Pavilion, Brighton. Construction started here in 1786. Image credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Pavilion

Gothic Revival 1740 – 1850

The Gothic Revival architectural movement began in the late 1740’s in England. Its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century, and draws features from the original Gothic style.

Tyntesfield – Victorian Gothic Revival country house. Image credit: https://ar.pinterest.com/pin/545991154806693202/

Regency 1811 – 1820

The Regency era is the name given to the period just after King George III was declared unfit to rule and his son, the Prince of Wales, took over as Prince Regent. The era lasted from 1811 until 1820, when the King’s death meant that the Prince was renamed King George IV and became a fully-fledged monarch.

Image credit: https://www.britainexpress.com/History/regency/regency-architecture.htm

Victorian 1837 – 1901

Victorian houses were built between 1837 and 1901, when Queen Victoria was on the throne – though the term Victorian is commonly applied for the periods immediately before and after her reign.

Classic Victorian style homes.

Edwardian 1901 – 1914

Strictly speaking, the Edwardian period falls during the brief reign of King Edward VII, from 1901 to 1910. However, there are differing views as to when the Edwardian period ends. For some, the period is extended up to the sinking of the Titanic in 1912; for others it extends to the start of World War I in 1914 and then there are those who take it to the end of hostilities with Germany in 1918, or the signing of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

Classic Georgian style home.

With thanks for the information found on the following sites – Sash Window, Wikipedia, and BBC History to create this Blog post.


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